1.Hawkes, C (2006) Uneven dietary development: linking the policies and processes of globalization with the nutrition transition, obesity and diet-related chronic diseases. Global Health 2, 4.
2.Popkin, BM (2001) The nutrition transition and obesity in the developing world. J Nutr 131, 871S–873S.
3.Malik, VS, Popkin, BM, Bray, GAet al. (2010) Sugar-sweetened beverages and risk of metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes a meta-analysis. Diabetes Care 33, 2477–2483.
4.Rodríguez-Ramírez, S, Mundo-Rosas, V, García-Guerra, Aet al. (2011) Dietary patterns are associated with overweight and obesity in Mexican school-age children. Arch Latinoam Nutr 61, 270–278.
5.Rivera, JA, Barquera, S, Campirano, Fet al. (2002) Epidemiological and nutritional transition in Mexico: rapid increase of non-communicable chronic diseases and obesity. Public Health Nutr 5, 113–122.
6.Rivera, JA, Barquera, S, Gonzalez-Cossio, Tet al. (2004) Nutrition transition in Mexico and in other Latin American countries. Nutr Rev Suppl 62, S149–S157.
7.Clark, SE, Hawkes, C, Murphy, SMet al. (2012) Exporting obesity: US farm and trade policy and the transformation of the Mexican consumer food environment. Int J Occup Environ Health 18, 53–64.
8.Roodenburg, A, Popkin, B & Seidell, J (2011) Development of international criteria for a front of package food labelling system: the International Choices Programme. Eur J Clin Nutr 65, 1190.
9.Guiterrez, J, Rivera-Dommarco, J, Shamah-Levy, Tet al. (2012) Encuesta Nacional de Salud y Nutricion 2012. Resultados Nacionales (National Survey of Health and Nutrition 2012. National Results). Cuernavaca, Mexico: Instituto Nacional de Salud Publica. https://ensanut.insp.mx/informes/ENSANUT2012ResultadosNacionales.pdf (accessed February 2018).
10.Barquera, S, Campos-Nonato, I, Hernández-Barrera, Let al. (2013) Prevalencia de obesidad en adultos mexicanos, 2000–2012 (Prevalence of obesity in Mexican adults, 2000–2012). Salud Publica Mex 55, S151–S160.
11.Fantuzzi, G (2005) Adipose tissue, adipokines, and inflammation. J Allergy Clin Immunol 115, 911–919.
12.Wellen, KE & Hotamisligil, GS (2003) Obesity-induced inflammatory changes in adipose tissue. J Clin Invest 112, 1785–1788.
13.Flynn, J (2013) The changing face of pediatric hypertension in the era of the childhood obesity epidemic. Pediatr Nephrol 28, 1059–1066.
14.Sorof, JM, Lai, D, Turner, Jet al. (2004) Overweight, ethnicity, and the prevalence of hypertension in school-aged children. Pediatrics 113, 475–482.
15.Tu, W, Eckert, GJ, DiMeglio, LAet al. (2011) Intensified effect of adiposity on blood pressure in overweight and obese children. Hypertension 58, 818–824.
16.Franks, PW, Hanson, RL, Knowler, WCet al. (2010) Childhood obesity, other cardiovascular risk factors, and premature death. N Engl J Med 362, 485–493.
17.Mokdad, AH, Ford, ES, Bowman, BAet al. (2003) Prevalence of obesity, diabetes, and obesity-related health risk factors, 2001. JAMA 289, 76–79.
18.Chan, JM, Rimm, EB, Colditz, GAet al. (1994) Obesity, fat distribution, and weight gain as risk factors for clinical diabetes in men. Diabetes Care 17, 961–969.
19.Bell, JA, Kivimaki, M & Hamer, M (2014) Metabolically healthy obesity and risk of incident type 2 diabetes: a meta‐analysis of prospective cohort studies. Obes Rev 15, 504–515.
22.Barquera, S, Campirano, F, Bonvecchio, Aet al. (2010) Caloric beverage consumption patterns in Mexican children. Nutr J 9, 47.
23.Barquera, S, Hernandez-Barrera, L, Tolentino, MLet al. (2008) Energy intake from beverages is increasing among Mexican adolescents and adults. J Nutr 138, 2454–2461.
24.Stuckler, D, McKee, M, Ebrahim, Set al. (2012) Manufacturing epidemics: the role of global producers in increased consumption of unhealthy commodities including processed foods, alcohol, and tobacco. PLoS Med 9, e1001235.
25.Cullen, KW & Zakeri, I (2004) Fruits, vegetables, milk, and sweetened beverages consumption and access to a la carte/snack bar meals at school. Am J Public Health 94, 463–467.
26.Story, M, Nanney, MS & Schwartz, MB (2009) Schools and obesity prevention: creating school environments and policies to promote healthy eating and physical activity. Milbank Q 87, 71–100.
27.Davis, B & Carpenter, C (2009) Proximity of fast-food restaurants to schools and adolescent obesity. Am J Public Health 99, 505–510.
28.Borradaile, KE, Sherman, S, Vander Veur, SSet al. (2009) Snacking in children: the role of urban corner stores. Pediatrics 124, 1293–1298.
29.Glanz, K, Sallis, JF, Saelens, BEet al. (2005) Healthy nutrition environments: concepts and measures. Am J Health Promot 19, 330–333.
30.Rummo, PE, Meyer, KA, Boone-Heinonen, Jet al. (2015) Neighborhood availability of convenience stores and diet quality: findings from 20 years of follow-up in the coronary artery risk development in young adults study. Am J Public Health 105, e65–e73.
31.Drewnowski, A, Moudon, AV, Jiao, Jet al. (2014) Food environment and socioeconomic status influence obesity rates in Seattle and in Paris. Int J Obes 38, 306–314.
32.Viola, D, Arno, PS, Maroko, ARet al. (2013) Overweight and obesity: can we reconcile evidence about supermarkets and fast food retailers for public health policy? J Public Health Policy 34, 424–438.
33.Jilcott, SB, Keyserling, T, Crawford, Tet al. (2011) Examining associations among obesity and per capita farmers’ markets, grocery stores/supermarkets, and supercenters in US counties. J Am Diet Assoc 111, 567–572.
34.Walker, RE, Keane, CR & Burke, JG (2010) Disparities and access to healthy food in the United States: a review of food deserts literature. Health Place 16, 876–884.
35.Caspi, CE, Sorensen, G, Subramanian, Set al. (2012) The local food environment and diet: a systematic review. Health Place 18, 1172–1187.
36.Charreire, H, Casey, R, Salze, Pet al. (2010) Measuring the food environment using geographical information systems: a methodological review. Public Health Nutr 13, 1773–1785.
37.Feng, J, Glass, TA, Curriero, FCet al. (2010) The built environment and obesity: a systematic review of the epidemiologic evidence. Health Place 16, 175–190.
38.Aceves-Martins, M, Llauradó, E, Tarro, Let al. (2016) Obesity-promoting factors in Mexican children and adolescents: challenges and opportunities. Glob Health Action 9, 1–13.
39.Ohri-Vachaspati, P & Leviton, LC (2010) Measuring food environments: a guide to available instruments. Am J Health Promot 24, 410–426.
40.Oldenburg, B, Sallis, JF, Harris, Det al. (2002) Checklist of Health Promotion Environments at Worksites (CHEW): development and measurement characteristics. Am J Health Promot 16, 288–299.
41.Block, D & Kouba, J (2006) A comparison of the availability and affordability of a market basket in two communities in the Chicago area. Public Health Nutr 9, 837–845.
42.McKinnon, RA, Reedy, J, Morrissette, MAet al. (2009) Measures of the food environment: a compilation of the literature, 1990–2007. Am J Prev Med 36, Suppl. 4, S124–S133.
43.Fulkerson, JA, Nelson, MC, Lytle, Let al. (2008) The validation of a home food inventory. Int J Behav Nutr Phy 5, 55.
46.Aguirre-Arenas, J, Escobar-Perez, M & Chavez-Villasana, A (1998) Evaluation of food consumption patterns and nutrition in 4 rural communities. Salud Publica Mex 40, 398–407.
47.Kaiser, LL & Dewey, KG (1991) Household economic strategies, food resource allocation, and intrahousehold patterns of dietary intake in rural Mexico. Ecol Food Nutr 25, 123–145.
48.Leatherman, TL & Goodman, A (2005) Coca-colonization of diets in the Yucatan. Soc Sci Med 61, 833–846.
49.Chaudhari, LS, Begay, R & Schulz, LO (2013) Fifteen years of change in the food environment in a rural Mexican community: the Maycoba project. Rural Remote Health 13, 2404.
50.Beaton, GH, Calloway, D & Murphy, SP (1992) Estimated protein intakes of toddlers: predicted prevalence of inadequate intakes in village populations in Egypt, Kenya, and Mexico. Am J Clin Nutr 55, 902–911.
51.Cerqueira, MT, Fry, MM & Connor, WE (1979) The food and nutrient intakes of the Tarahumara Indians of Mexico. Am J Clin Nutr 32, 905–915.
52.Eastwood Garcia, S, Kaiser, L & Dewey, K (1990) Self-regulation of food intake among rural Mexican preschool children. Eur J Clin Nutr 44, 371–380.
53.Monárrez-Espino, J, Béjar-Lío, GI & Vázquez-Mendoza, G (2010) Adequacy of the diet served to Tarahumara children in indigenous boarding schools of northern Mexico. Salud Publica Mex 52, 23–29.
54.Moor, MA, Fraga, MA, Garfein, RSet al. (2017) Individual and community factors contributing to anemia among women in rural Baja California, Mexico. PLoS One 12, e0188590.
55.López-Barrón, RG, Jiménez-Cruz, A & Bacardí-Gascón, M (2015) Modifiable environmental obesity risk factors among elementary school children in a Mexico-US Border City. Nutr Hosp 31, 2047–2053.
56.Alvear-Galindo, MG, Yamamoto-Kimura, LT, Morán-Álvarez, Cet al. (2013) Consumo alimentario dentro y fuera de la escuela. Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc 51, 450–454.
57.Lozada, M, Sanchez-Castillo, CP, Cabrera, GAet al. (2007) School food in Mexican children. Public Health Nutr 11, 924–933.
58.Pérez-Lizaur, AB, Kaufer-Horwitz, M & Plazas, M (2008) Environmental and personal correlates of fruit and vegetable consumption in low income, urban Mexican children. J Hum Nutr Diet 21, 63–71.
59.Vargas, L, Jiménez-Cruz, A & Bacardí-Gascón, M (2013) Unhealthy and healthy food consumption inside and outside of the school by pre-school and elementary school Mexican children in Tijuana, Mexico. J Community Health 38, 1166–1174.
60.Bridle-Fitzpatrick, S (2015) Food deserts or food swamps? A mixed-methods study of local food environments in a Mexican city. Soc Sci Med 142, 202–213.
61.Batis, C, Rivera, JA, Popkin, BMet al. (2016) First-year evaluation of Mexico’s tax on nonessential energy-dense foods: an observational study. PLoS Med 13, e1002057.
62.Bonvecchio, A, Théodore, FL, Safdie, Met al. (2014) Contribution of formative research to design an environmental program for obesity prevention in schools in Mexico City. Salud Publica Mex 56, 139–147.
63.Batis, C, Rodríguez-Ramírez, S, Ariza, ACet al. (2016) Intakes of energy and discretionary food in Mexico are associated with the context of eating: mealtime, activity, and place. J Nutr 146, 1907S–1915S.
64.Jiménez-Aguilar, A, del Carmen Morales-Ruán, M, López-Olmedo, Net al. (2017) The fight against overweight and obesity in school children: public policy in Mexico. J Public Health Pol 38, 407–428.
65.Shamah-Levy, T, Cuevas-Nasu, L, Mendez-Gomez-Humaran, Iet al. (2011) Obesity in Mexican school age children is associated with out-of-home food consumption: in the journey from home to school. Arch Latinoam Nutr 61, 288–295.
66.Glanz, K, Rimer, BK & Viswanath, K (editors) (2008) Health Behavior and Health Education: Theory, Research, and Practice, 4th ed.San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
67.Lopez-Barron, RG, Jimenez-Cruz, A & Bacardi-Gascon, M (2015) Modifiable environmental obesity risk factors among elementary school children in a Mexico–US Border City. Nutr Hosp 31, 2047–2053.
68.Theodore, F, Bonvecchio, A, Blanco, Iet al. (2011) Culturally constructed meanings for consumption of sweetened beverages among schoolchildren in Mexico City. Rev Panam Salud Publ 30, 327–334.
69.French, SA (2003) Pricing effects on food choices. J Nutr 133, 841S–843S.
70.Waterlander, WE, de Boer, MR, Schuit, AJet al. (2013) Price discounts significantly enhance fruit and vegetable purchases when combined with nutrition education: a randomized controlled supermarket trial. Am J Clin Nutr 97, 886–895.
71.Haws, KL & Winterich, KP (2013) When value trumps health in a supersized world. J Marketing 77, 48–64.
72.Turner, LR & Chaloupka, FJ (2012) Student access to competitive foods in elementary schools: trends over time and regional differences. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 166, 164–169.
73.Soltero, EG, Ortiz Hernández, L, Jauregui, Eet al. (2017) Characterization of the school neighborhood food environment in three Mexican cities. Ecol Food Nutr 56, 139–151.
74.Hernandez Barrera, L, Rothenberg, SJ, Barquera, Set al. (2016) The toxic food environment around elementary schools and childhood obesity in Mexican cities. Am J Prev Med 51, 264–270.
75.Wojcicki, JM, Jimenez-Cruz, A, Bacardi-Gascon, Met al. (2012) Bimodal distribution of risk for childhood obesity in urban Baja California, Mexico. J Urban Health 89, 628–638.
76.Austin, SB, Melly, SJ, Sanchez, BNet al. (2005) Clustering of fast-food restaurants around schools: a novel application of spatial statistics to the study of food environments. Am J Public Health 95, 1575–1581.
78.Drewnowski, A (2004) Obesity and the food environment: dietary energy density and diet costs. Am J Prev Med 27, 154–162.
79.Drewnowski, A & Specter, S (2004) Poverty and obesity: the role of energy density and energy costs. Am J Clin Nutr 79, 6–16.
80.Kroker-Lobos, MF, Pedroza-Tobías, A, Pedraza, LSet al. (2014) The double burden of undernutrition and excess body weight in Mexico. Am J Clin Nutr 100, 1652S–1658S.
81.Barquera, S, Campos, I & Rivera, JA (2013) Mexico attempts to tackle obesity: the process, results, push backs and future challenges. Obes Rev 14, 69–78.
82.Kelly, B, Flood, VM & Yeatman, H (2011) Measuring local food environments: an overview of available methods and measures. Health Place 17, 1284–1293.
83.Glanz, K (2009) Measuring food environments: a historical perspective. Am J Prev Med 36, S93–S98.
84.Gibson, RS (2005) Principles of Nutritional Assessment, 2nd ed. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.