Public health interventions to improve maternal nutrition during pregnancy: a nationally representative study of iron and folic acid consumption and food supplements in India

1.Black, RE, Victora, CG, Walker, SPet al. (2013) Maternal and child undernutrition and overweight in low-income and middle-income countries. Lancet 382, 427451.

2.McLean, E, Cogswell, M, Egli, Iet al. (2009) Worldwide prevalence of anaemia, WHO vitamin and mineral nutrition information system, 1993–2005. Public Health Nutr 12, 444454.

3.Beal, T, Massiot, E, Arsenault, JEet al. (2017) Global trends in dietary micronutrient supplies and estimated prevalence of inadequate intakes. PLoS One 12, e0175554.

4.Development Initiatives (2018) 2018 Global Nutrition Report: Shining a Light to Spur Action on Nutrition. Bristol: Development Initiatives.

5.Ramakrishnan, U, Imhoff-Kunsch, B & Martorell, R (2014) Maternal nutrition interventions to improve maternal, newborn, and child health outcomes. Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser 78, 7180.

6.Dandona, L, Dandona, R, Kumar, GAet al. (2017) Nations within a nation: variations in epidemiological transition across the states of India, 1990–2016 in the Global Burden of Disease Study. Lancet 390, 24372460.

7.International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS) and ICF (2017) National Family Health Survey (NFHS-4), 2015–16. Mumbai: International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS).

8.Kotwal, A, Murugkar, M & Ramaswami, B (2013) Some reflections on the National Food Security Act. Yojana 57, 2529.

9.Rai, RK, Fawzi, WW, Barik, Aet al. (2018) The burden of iron-deficiency anaemia among women in India: how have iron and folic acid interventions fared? WHO South East Asia J Public Health 7, 18.

10.Harika, R, Faber, M, Samuel, Fet al. (2017) Micronutrient status and dietary intake of iron, vitamin A, iodine, folate and zinc in women of reproductive age and pregnant women in Ethiopia, Kenya, Nigeria and South Africa: a systematic review of data from 2005 to 2015. Nutrients 9, 1096.

11.Wiradnyani, LAA, Khusun, H, Achadi, ELet al. (2016) Role of family support and women’s knowledge on pregnancy-related risks in adherence to maternal iron–folic acid supplementation in Indonesia. Public Health Nutr 19, 28182828.

12.Raut, MK, Reddy, JC & Rahman, MA (2018) Association between adherence to iron intake and anaemia prevalence among women in Cambodia and India: new evidence from recent global demographic and health surveys. Int J Community Med Public Health 5, 30613073.

13.Varghese, JS, Swaminathan, S, Kurpad, AVet al. (2019) Demand and supply factors of iron-folic acid supplementation and its association with anaemia in North Indian pregnant women. PLoS One 14, e0210634.

14.Drèze, J & Khera, R (2017) Recent social security initiatives in India. World Dev 98, 555572.

15.Chakrabarti, S, Raghunathan, K, Alderman, Het al. (2019) India’s integrated child development services programme; equity and extent of coverage in 2006 and 2016. Bull World Health Organ 97, 270.

17.World Health Organization (2012) Daily Iron and Folic Acid Supplementation in Pregnant Women: Guideline. Geneva: World Health Organization.

18.Government of India (2009) Revised Nutritional and Feeding Norms for Supplementary Nutrition in ICDS Scheme. New Delhi: Ministry of Women and Child Development, Government of India. (accessed January 2020).

19.Selvaraj, K, Arumugasamy, P & Sarkar, S (2017) Compliance and patterns of iron-folic acid intake among adolescent girls and antenatal women in rural Tamil Nadu. CHRISMED J Health Res 4, 87.

20.Warvadekar, K, Reddy, JC, Sharma, Set al. (2018) Socio-demographic and economic determinants of adherence to iron intake among pregnant women in selected low and lower middle income countries in Asia: insights from a cross-country analyses of global demographic and health surveys. Int J Community Med Public Health 5, 15521569.

21.Kavle, JA & Landry, M (2018) Community-based distribution of iron–folic acid supplementation in low-and middle-income countries: a review of evidence and programme implications. Public Health Nutr 21, 346354.

22.Alam, A, Rasheed, S, Khan, NUZet al. (2015) How can formative research inform the design of an iron-folic acid supplementation intervention starting in first trimester of pregnancy in Bangladesh? BMC Public Health 15, 374.

23.Subramanian, SV, Chen, JT, Rehkopf, DHet al. (2006) Comparing individual-and area-based socioeconomic measures for the surveillance of health disparities: a multilevel analysis of Massachusetts births, 1989–1991. Am J Epidemiol 164, 823834.

24.Stephenson, R, Baschieri, A, Clements, Set al. (2006) Contextual influences on the use of health facilities for childbirth in Africa. Am J Public Health 96, 8493.

25.Coleman, JS (1990) Foundations of Social Theory. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Process.

26.Das, TK & Teng, BS (1998) Between trust and control: developing confidence in partner cooperation in alliance. Acad Manag Rev 23, 491512.

27.Gage, AJ & Guirlène Calixte, M (2006) Effects of the physical accessibility of maternal health services on their use in rural Haiti. Popul Stud 60, 271288.

28.Babalola, S & Fatusi, A (2009) Determinants of use of maternal health services in Nigeria-looking beyond individual and household factors. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 9, 43.

29.Agresti, A & Kateri, M (2011) Categorical Data Analysis. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

30.Goldstein, H (2011) Multilevel Statistical Models, vol. 922. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.

31.Goldstein, H & Healy, MJR (1995) The graphical presentation of a collection of means. J R Stat Soc Ser A 158, 175177.

32.StataCorp LP (2015) Stata Statistical Software: Release 14. College Station, TX: StataCorp LP.

33.Subramanian, SV, Duncan, C & Jones, K (2001) Multilevel perspectives on modeling census data. Environ Plan A 33, 399417.

34.Chourasia, A, Pandey, CM & Awasthi, A (2017) Factors influencing the consumption of iron and folic acid supplementations in high focus states of India. Clin Epidemiol Glob Health 5, 180184.

35.Wendt, A, Stephenson, R, Young, Met al. (2015) Individual and facility-level determinants of iron and folic acid receipt and adequate consumption among pregnant women in rural Bihar, India. PLoS One 10, e0120404.

36.Sharma, K, Sharma, J, Choudhary, Jet al. (2018) A study to assess the knowledge of mothers regarding reproductive child health programme activity and its utilization in selected urban community in Gwalior city. Int J Community Med Public Health 5, 47874794.

37.Vishnu, CS, Nirgude, AS, Rajarathnam, Aet al. (2019) Do the pregnant mothers utilize supplementary nutrition along with other antenatal services? A cross sectional study from Mangaluru, Karnataka state, India. Int J Community Med Public Health 6, 16141617.

38.Viveki, RG, Halappanavar, AB, Viveki, PRet al. (2012) Prevalence of anaemia and its epidemiological determinants in pregnant women. Al Ameen J Med Sci 5, 216223.

39.Begum, S (2012) Factors associated with adherence to iron folic acid supplementations during pregnancy in Uttar Pradesh. Indian J Matern Child Health 14, 8.

40.Nisar, YB, Dibley, MJ & Mir, AM (2014) Factors associated with non-use of antenatal iron and folic acid supplements among Pakistani women: a cross sectional household survey. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 14, 305.

41.Balarajan, Y, Selvaraj, S & Subramanian, S V (2011) Health care and equity in India. Lancet 377, 505515.

42.Diamond-Smith, NG, Gupta, M, Kaur, Met al. (2016) Determinants of persistent anemia in poor, urban pregnant women of Chandigarh city, North India: a mixed method approach. Food Nutr Bull 37, 132143.

43.Singh, PK, Rai, RK, Alagarajan, Met al. (2012) Determinants of maternity care services utilization among married adolescents in rural India. PLoS One 7, e31666.

44.Roy, MP, Mohan, U, Singh, SKet al. (2013) Socio-economic determinants of adherence to iron and folic acid tablets among rural ante-natal mothers in Lucknow, India. Natl J Community Med 4, 386391.

45.Kumar, V & Singh, P (2017) How far is universal coverage of antenatal care (ANC) in India? An evaluation of coverage and expenditure from a national survey. Clin Epidemiol Glob Health 5, 17.

46.Conner, M & Norman, P (2005) Predicting Health Behaviour. Amsterdam, Netherlands: McGraw-Hill Education.

47.Sridharan, S, Dey, A, Seth, Aet al. (2017) Towards an understanding of the multilevel factors associated with maternal health care utilization in Uttar Pradesh, India. Glob Health Action 10, 1287493.

48.Rao, N & Kaul, V (2018) India’s integrated child development services scheme: challenges for scaling up. Child Care Health Dev 44, 3140.

49.Khan, REA & Raza, MA (2013) Maternal Health Care: The Case of Iron Supplementation in India. Lahore, Pakistan: Johar Education Society.

50.Wendt, AS, Stephenson, R, Young, MFet al. (2018) Identifying bottlenecks in the iron and folic acid supply chain in Bihar, India: a mixed-methods study. BMC Health Serv Res 18, 281.

51.Gupta, A, Gupta, S & Nongkynrih, B (2013) Integrated child development services (ICDS) scheme: a journey of 37 years. Indian J community Health 25, 7781.


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *