Differentiating effects of socio-economic factors on relative weight and nutritional status in Polish schoolchildren across intergenerational changes


Steckel, RH (2012) Social and economic effects on growth. In Human Growth and Development, pp. 225244 [Cameron, N & Bogin, B, editors]. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.


Tanner, JM (1987) Growth as a mirror of the condition of society: secular trends and class distinctions. Pediatr Int 29, 96103.


Schell, LM, Burnitz, KK & Gallo, MV (2012) Growth as a mirror: is endocrine disruption challenging Tanner’s concept? Ann Hum Biol 39, 361371.


Aßmann, C & Hermanussen, M (2013) Modeling determinants of growth: evidence for a community-based target in height? Pediatr Res 74, 8895.


Hermanussen, M, Alt, C, Staub, K et al. (2014) The impact of physical connectedness on body height in Swiss conscripts. Anthropol Anz 71, 313327.


Nowak-Szczepanska, N, Gomula, A, Ipsen, MJ et al. (2016) Different effects of living conditions on the variation in BMI and height in children before the onset of puberty. Eur J Clin Nutr 70, 662666.


Chrzanowska, M, Koziel, S & Ulijaszek, SJ (2007) Changes in BMI and the prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents in Cracow, Poland, 1971–2000. Econ Hum Biol 5, 370378.


Vignerová, J, Humenikova, L, Brabec, M et al. (2007) Long-term changes in body weight, BMI, and adiposity rebound among children and adolescents in the Czech Republic. Econ Hum Biol 5, 409425.


Mészáros, Z, Mészáros, J, Völgyi, E et al. (2008) Body mass and body fat in Hungarian schoolboys: differences between 1980–2005. J Physiol Anthropol 27, 241245.


Gomula, A, Nowak-Szczepanska, N, Danel, DP et al. (2015) Overweight trends among Polish schoolchildren before and after the transition from communism to capitalism. Econ Hum Biol 19, 246257.


Peña Reyes, M, Tan, SK & Malina, RM (2003) Urban–rural contrasts in the growth status of school children in Oaxaca, Mexico. Ann Hum Biol 30, 693713.


Prentice, AM (2005) The emerging epidemic of obesity in developing countries. Int J Epidemiol 35, 9399.


Mascie-Taylor, CGN & Goto, R (2007) Human variation and body mass index: a review of the universality of BMI cut-offs, gender and urban–rural differences, and secular changes. J Physiol Anthropol 26, 109112.


Monteiro, CA, Conde, WL, Lu, B et al. (2004) Obesity and inequities in health in the developing world. Int J Obes 28, 11811186.


Patterson, PD, Moore, CG, Probst, JC et al. (2004) Obesity and physical inactivity in rural America. J Rural Health 20, 151159.


Peytremann-Bridevaux, I, Faeh, D & Santos-Eggimann, B (2007) Prevalence of overweight and obesity in rural and urban settings of 10 European countries. Prev Med 44, 442446.


Pampel, FC, Denney, JT & Krueger, PM (2012) Obesity, SES, and economic development: a test of the reversal hypothesis. Soc Sci Med 74, 10731081.


NCD Risk Factor Collaboration (2019) Rising rural body-mass index is the main driver of the global obesity epidemic in adults. Nature 569, 260264.


Padez, C, Mourão, I, Moreira, P et al. (2005) Prevalence and risk factors for overweight and obesity in Portuguese children. Acta Pædiatr 94, 15501557.


Chen, AY & Escarce, JJ (2010) Family structure and childhood obesity, early childhood longitudinal study – kindergarten cohort. Prev Chronic Dis 7, A50.


Golan, M (2006) Parents as agents of change in childhood obesity – from research to practice. Int J Pediatr Obes 1, 6676.


Lamerz, A, Kuepper-Nybelen, J, Wehle, C et al. (2005) Social class, parental education, and obesity prevalence in a study of six-year-old children in Germany. Int J Obes 29, 373380.


Frost, MB, Forste, R & Haas, DW (2005) Maternal education and child nutritional status in Bolivia: finding the links. Soc Sci Med 60, 395407.


Ng, M, Fleming, T, Robinson, M et al. (2014) Global, regional, and national prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adults during 1980–2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013. Lancet 384, 766781.


Peterson, CM, Su, H, Thomas, DM et al. (2017) Tri-ponderal mass index vs body mass index in estimating body fat during adolescence. JAMA Pediatr 171, 629636.


Chomtho, S, Fewtrell, MS, Jaffe, A et al. (2006) Evaluation of arm anthropometry for assessing pediatric body composition: evidence from healthy and sick children. Pediatr Res 59, 860865.


Freedman, DS & Sherry, B (2009) The validity of BMI as an indicator of body fatness and risk among children. Pediatrics 124, S23S34.


Briend, A, Alvarez, JL, Avril, N et al. (2016) Low mid-upper arm circumference identifies children with a high risk of death who should be the priority target for treatment. BMC Nutr 2, 63.


Craig, E, Bland, R, Ndirangu, J et al. (2014) Use of mid-upper arm circumference for determining overweight and overfatness in children and adolescents. Arch Dis Child 99, 763766.


Chaput, JP, Katzmarzyk, PT, Barnes, JD et al. (2017) Mid-upper arm circumference as a screening tool for identifying children with obesity: a 12-country study. Pediatr Obes 12, 439445.


Mazıcıoğlu, MM, Hatipoğlu, N, Öztürk, A et al. (2010) Waist circumference and mid−upper arm circumference in evaluation of obesity in children aged between 6 and 17 years. J Clin Res Pediatr Endocrinol 2, 144150.


Kozieł, S, Szklarska, A, Bielicki, T et al. (2006) Changes in the BMI of Polish conscripts between 1965 and 2001: secular and socio-occupational variation. Int J Obes 30, 13821388.


Neuman, M, Kawachi, I, Gortmaker, S et al. (2013) Urban–rural differences in BMI in low-and middle-income countries: the role of socioeconomic status. Am J Clin Nutr 97, 428436.


Hulanicka, B & Waliszko, A (1991) Deceleration of age at menarche in Poland. Ann Hum Biol 18, 507513.


Martin, R & Saller, K (1957) Textbook of Anthropology in a Systematic Presentation With Special Attention to Anthropological Methods, Volume 1 (in German). Stuttgart: Gustav Fischer.


Cole, TJ, Bellizzi, MC, Flegal, KM et al. (2000) Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: international survey. BMJ 320, 1240.


Mramba, L, Ngari, M, Mwangome, M et al. (2017) A growth reference for mid upper arm circumference for age among school age children and adolescents, and validation for mortality: growth curve construction and longitudinal cohort study. BMJ 358, j3423.


Cole, TJ (1990) The LMS method for constructing normalized growth standards. Eur J Clin Nutr 44, 4560.


Dell Inc (2016) Dell Statistica (data analysis software system), version 13. Available at software.dell.com (accessed June 2016).


Nowak-Szczepanska, N, Gomula, A & Koziel, S (2019) Mid-upper arm circumference and body mass index as different screening tools of nutritional and weight status in Polish schoolchildren across socio-political changes. Sci Rep 9, 17.


Lindgren, G (1976) Height, weight and menarche in Swedish urban school children in relation to socio-economic and regional factors. Ann Hum Biol 3, 501528.


Hulanicka, B, Brajczewski, C, Jedlinska, W et al. (1990) City-Town-Village: Growth of Children in Poland in 1988. Wroclaw: Monographs of the Institute of Anthropology, Polish Academy of Sciences.


GUS – Central Statistical Office, Social Surveys and Living Conditions Department (2017) Socio-Economic Situation of Households in 2000–2015: Urban–Rural Diversity. Warsaw: Statistical Information and Elaborations.


Bac, A, Woźniacka, R, Matusik, S et al. (2012) Prevalence of overweight and obesity in children aged 6–13 years—alarming increase in obesity in Cracow, Poland. Eur J Pediatr 171, 245251.


Bielicki, T, Szklarska, A, Kozieł, S et al. (2003) Political Transformation in Poland in the Context of Anthropological Studies of 19-Year-Old Men. Wrocław: Monographs of Institute of Antropology, Polish Academy of Sciences.


Monteiro, CA, Conde, WL & Popkin, BM (2001) Independent effects of income and education on the risk of obesity in the Brazilian adult population. J Nutr 131, 881S886S.


Wronka, I (2014) Socioeconomic status, body mass index and prevalence of underweight and overweight among Polish girls aged 7–18: a longitudinal study. J Biosoc Sci 46, 449461.


Bielicki, T & Szklarska, A (1999) The stratifying force of family size, urbanization and parental education in socialist-era Poland. J Biosoc Sci 31, 525536.


Gomula, A & Koziel, S (2018) Secular trend and social variation in age at menarche among Polish schoolgirls before and after the political transformation. Am J Hum Biol 30, e23048.


van Stralen, MM, te Velde, SJ, van Nassau, F et al. (2012) Weight status of European preschool children and associations with family demographics and energy balance-related behaviours: a pooled analysis of six European studies. Obes Rev 13(S1), 2941.


Alkerwi, A, Vernier, C, Sauvageot, N et al. (2015) Demographic and socioeconomic disparity in nutrition: application of a novel Correlated Component Regression approach. BMJ Open 5, e006814.


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *